The elastic properties of a spring enable it to store mechanical energy. These are typically made using metals or alloys that enable a spring to return to its original shape despite being stretched or twisted till a particular point. Are available in a myriad of shapes and sizes, and they serve several different purposes. A compression spring is among the more popularly used spring types. Produced in large numbers throughout the world as they are in high demand in industries such as automotive, industrial machinery, electronics, military equipment, and so on. A torsion spring is another commonly used type in industrial and commercial applications.
The functions of a compression spring
The energy-saving and shock-absorbing attributes of a compression-type can be used in several different functions. The ‘springrate’ will determine its suitability to your application. The spring is the amount of force that is applied to compress it to one inch.
In most applications, a linear force acts on a spring. When a linear force is applied to the ends of a compression spring, its coils are pushed closer together; but the spring pushes back at the force as it resists compression. Thus, it can keep two things apart even in high-vibration environments.
These springs can be made using different types of wires in different shapes such as square or rectangular. However, round wire continues to be the most popular wire type as it is easy to wind springs with round wire.
While these are available in several standard configurations, they can also be availed in custom configurations. There are a number of manufacturers that cater to custom requirements. Customized springs can be manufactured using a variety of materials such as stainless steel and inconel grades, chrome silicon, beryllium copper, and so on.
Designing springs for maximum service life
In typical applications, a compression spring is often coiled at a uniform diameter from end to end. But they can be manufactured in different shapes such as conical or hourglass. In order to increase the service life of springs, they can be manufactured to tight tolerances and coated with various materials. The end design of the spring also plays an important part in its longevity, and suitability to your application. When it comes to practical application, these springs could be either fitted in a cylindrical hole or they could be installed around a shaft or rod.
Another factor that has a direct implication on the performance and longevity of your springs is the equipment used for manufacturing it. Firms that use high-quality code compliance tools and techniques in manufacturing springs produce decidedly superior products-be it a compression spring or single or double torsion spring.
An experienced and reputable spring manufacturer will likely be the best source to advise you on whether you should incorporate a compression spring or any other spring type in your application.